Discovering Turkish Culture: Do’s and Don’ts for Travelers

When someone first arrives in Turkey, they often find themselves captivated by the breathtaking landscapes, iconic landmarks, and tantalizing cuisine. While these elements undoubtedly enrich our travel experiences, there’s another dimension that we sometimes overlook: the richness and uniqueness of Turkish culture.

Truly getting to know a different culture involves more than just seeing the sights; it’s about immersing ourselves in new ways of living, adopting different perspectives, and showing respect for local customs. As you set foot in this mesmerizing country, Turkish culture will welcome you and reveal itself in countless ways.

However, to get the most out of Turkish traditions and culture, there are some aspects of the cultural fabric of this country you should be aware of.

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5 Key Aspects of Turkish Traditions and Culture You Should Know

Hospitality Woven in Turkish DNA

Turkish people are renowned for their warm hospitality. If you’ve met a nice couple at a cultural centre, don’t be surprised if they invite you to their home for tea or a meal. In Turkish culture, sharing food and conversation is extremely common. Accepting such invitations graciously allows you to experience genuine local life and forge meaningful connections.

The Art of Turkish Tea and Coffee

Tea and coffee aren’t mere beverages in Turkey; they are rituals that facilitate conversations and companionship. Sipping tea from small glasses or enjoying a strong cup of Turkish coffee in a café isn’t just about satisfying your taste buds – it’s about engaging in a time-honoured social tradition.

A picture of a Turkish flag

Turkish Traditions: A Rich Tapestry of Cultural Value

Turkish traditions (just like the Turkish language) are the result of centuries of cultural exchange and evolution. From the grandeur of Ottoman architecture to the vibrant celebrations of local festivals, Turks take immense pride in preserving their diverse heritage. Engaging in Turkish traditions, such as the whirling dervishes’ dance, can offer you a deeper connection to the country’s soul.

Respect for Elders and Polite Gestures

Respect for elders is a cornerstone of Turkish culture. When addressing someone older, a slight bow or placing your right hand over your heart is a sign of deference. Using “Lütfen” (please) and “Teşekkür ederim” (thank you) in your interactions showcases your appreciation for their culture.

Bazaars: A Delightful Way to Take Part in Turkish Culture

One of the best ways to gain insight into local culture is by visiting bazaars (or çarşı in Turkish). Here, you can explore different types of street life and browse through a vast array of fresh produce, spices, hand-crafted trinkets, carpets, and many other unique items.

Honouring Turkish Traditions: The Do’s and Don’ts of Turkey

Now that you have a better understanding of the culture of Turkey, let’s take a look at some practical tips before heading out on your travels.

Respecting local customs not only shows your appreciation for the culture but also fosters positive interactions and prevents unintentional offence.

Being aware of certain do’s and don’ts will enhance your travel experience and contribute to meaningful cross-cultural exchanges. So, here are some key tips to keep in mind:


  • Dress Modestly: While Turkey is modern and cosmopolitan, it’s respectful to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Cover your shoulders and knees, and carry a scarf to use as a head covering if needed.
  • Remove Shoes Indoors: When entering a Turkish home or a mosque, it’s customary to remove your shoes. This practice signifies leaving the outside world behind and entering a space of reverence.
  • Engage in Conversation: Turks are friendly and enjoy conversations with travelers. Asking about Turkish culture, traditions, and local experiences can lead to enriching interactions.
  • Use Right Hand for Gestures: In Turkish culture, the left hand is considered unclean. When giving or receiving items, using your right hand is considered polite.
  • Respect Religious Sites: Turkey is home to many significant religious sites. When visiting mosques or other places of worship, maintain silence and follow the guidelines for appropriate behaviour. It’s the best way to show respect for Turkish traditions and culture.


  • Avoid Public Affection: While Turks are warm and affectionate, public displays of affection, such as kissing or hugging, are generally more reserved and are best kept to a minimum.
  • Don’t Finish Everything on Your Plate: Have you been invited to a Turkish home for dinner? Turks often cook substantial meals and want to ensure guests are full. To show your appreciation, leave a little bit of food on your plate. If you finish all the food on your plate, your hosts may think you are still hungry. Leaving a small amount indicates you’ve had just enough.
  • Don’t Interrupt Prayer Calls: During the call to prayer (Adhan), it’s respectful to pause and allow worshippers to focus on their devotions without disruption.
  • Avoid Discussing Sensitive Topics: Topics like politics, religion, and ethnic tensions should be approached with sensitivity and avoided unless you’re engaged in a private, well-informed discussion.

In conclusion, as you journey through Turkey, embracing Turkish traditions and culture is an essential part of understanding the country’s essence. By observing the do’s and avoiding the don’ts of Turkish culture, you’ll not only make lasting memories but also forge connections that transcend the boundaries of language and geography.

Remember, travel is not just about seeing new places; it’s about experiencing the world through different eyes and learning to navigate its cultural tapestry with respect and grace.

FAQs About Turkish Culture

Picture of a Turkish landscape


1. Is there a dress code for tourists in Turkey?

Yes, while Turkey is a diverse and modern country, it’s respectful to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites or rural areas. For women, covering shoulders and knees is recommended. Carrying a scarf is useful for covering your head when needed. In urban and tourist areas, casual wear is generally accepted, but it’s a good idea to have a shawl or scarf handy for more conservative environments.

2. What do you wear on a night out in Turkey?

Turkey boasts a vibrant nightlife, particularly in urban centres like Istanbul and Ankara. Dress codes for a night out are similar to what you’d find in many Western countries. Women often wear stylish dresses or elegant tops paired with trousers or skirts. Men usually opt for smart-casual attire, such as a nice shirt and pants. It’s important to feel comfortable, but slightly dressing up can add to the enjoyment of the night.

3. Is Turkey an expensive country for tourists?

Turkey offers a wide range of experiences that cater to different budgets. While it can be more affordable than in some Western European countries, the cost of your trip depends on factors like your travel style, accommodation preferences, and activities. Street food and local restaurants can be quite affordable, and public transportation is reasonably priced. Luxury accommodations and high-end dining options are available for those seeking a more upscale experience.

4. How do I greet locals in Turkey?

Turks are known for their warm hospitality. A common way to greet someone is by saying “Merhaba” (Hello) with a smile. When meeting someone older or more senior, a slight bow or placing your right hand over your heart signifies respect. Handshakes are also common, especially in urban areas. As a traveler, making an effort to use a few Turkish greeting expressions can go a long way in building connections.

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Learning Turkish before your trip is a great way to immerse yourself in Turkish culture and make your experience even more meaningful. With Language Trainers, you can learn from experienced native teachers who use an interactive teaching method that combines practice with real-world conversations.

What’s more, our courses are tailored to fit your learning style and current level of knowledge, so you’ll be speaking Turkish in no time. So, if you’re ready to make the most of your trip to Turkey and explore its culture and traditions, why not sign up for one of our online or in-person Turkish courses today?

Whether you’re looking for in-person Turkish lessons in Vancouver or you want to learn to speak Turkish in Toronto, we have all the combinations available! Contact Language Trainers today and let your language-learning journey begin!